Daily Online Meditation: Dharma Talks & Prompts

Below we have posted the Dharma talks given at the daily online meditation groups. Each one is about 10 minutes. If on your own you want to try Reflective Meditation practice, play one of the talks before you meditate. After your meditation session, reflect back upon your experience of what happened for you during the meditation sitting.

See where this leads you, we are interested in how your practice develops. And, of course, we invite you to meditate with us. Any morning, every morning at 9am PDT.

 

Daily Online Meditation: Dharma Talks & Prompts

 

August: Word of the Day

08.31.21 Bill Wellhouse: Vortex

08.30.21 Linda Modaro: Culture

 

August: Healthy Denial

08.28.21 Nelly Kaufer: Refuges make trauma more bearable

08.27.21 Janet Keyes: Looking deeply makes suffering more bearable

08.26.21 Linda Modaro: How meditation is making my world more bearable

08.25.21 Bill Wellhouse: Fragmentation of the self

08.24.21 Nelly Kaufer: Between ignorance and overwhelm

08.23.21 Linda Modaro: Unhealthy denial

08.22.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Resilience in times of crisis

 

August: Ideals and Aspirations

08.21.2021 Nelly Kaufer: Benefits of meditation

08.20.21 Janet Keyes: Three questions

08.19.21 Linda Modaro: Validating emotional needs

08.18.21 Nelly Kaufer: Good enough effort

08.17.21 Erin Harrop: Making ideals explicit

08.16.21 Linda Modaro: Good enough

08.15.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Becoming aware of ideals

 

August: Teacher’s Choice

08.13.21 Janet Keyes: Camping in an aging body

08.03.21 Erin Harrop: Listening to others’ meditation experiences

 

July/August: Satipatthana Sutta

08.14.21 Nelly Kaufer: Finding awareness in meditation

08.12.21 Linda Modaro: Charnel grounds

08.11.21 Nelly Kaufer: Finding the sutta in Bill’s reflections

08.10.21 Bill Wellhouse: Reflections from nature

08.09.21 Nelly Kaufer: Sati is feminine

08.01.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Vedana and vacations

07.31.21 Nelly Kaufer: Ways of being aware

07.30.21 Janet Keyes: Experiences are not separate

07.29.21 Linda Modaro: Playing in the fields of awareness

07.28.21 Nelly Kaufer: The four foundations

07.27.21 Erin Harrop: Standing near experience

07.26.21 Linda Modaro: Awareness and effort

07.25.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Awareness

 

July: Practice in Daily LIfe

07.24.21 Nelly Kaufer: Relationship matters

07.23.21 Janet Keys: Bringing daily life into practice

07.22.21 Linda Modaro: A shifting and changing world

07.21.21 Nelly Kaufer: Myriad realities of practice

07.19.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Constructed views

07.18.21 Linda Modaro: Emotions

 

July: Sangha Leadership

07.20.21 Erin Harrop: Teach from what you know

07.17.21 Nelly Kaufer: It takes a village…

07.15.21 Linda Modaro: Teacher training and mentoring

07.14.21 Nelly Kaufer: Exposing power dynamics

07.13.21 Bill Wellhouse: Navigating leadership models

07.12.21 Linda Modaro: Authority

07.11.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Between authority and consensus

 

July: Transcendence

07.16.21 Janet Keyes: Embracing the mundane and the mysterious

07.10.21 Nelly Kaufer: Spiritual teachers are not transcendent beings

07.09.21 Janet Keyes: Gerotranscendence

07.08.21 Linda Modaro: Spiritual development

07.07.21 Nelly Kaufer: Descending into transcendence

07.06.21 Bill Wellhouse: Attachment to transcendent states

07.05.21 Linda Modaro: Spiritual bypass

07.04.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Introduction

 

July: Teacher’s Choice

07.03.21 Nelly Kaufer: Danger

07.02.21 Jante Keys: What I learned…

07.01.21 Linda Modaro: Ceasing

 

June: Revamp

06.30.21 Nelly Kaufer: Shame, guilt and remorse

06.28.21 Linda Modaro: Original questions

06.24.21 Linda Modaro: The dharma raft

06.23.21 Nelly Kaufer: Learning from resistance

06.22.21 Bill Wellhouse: Returning to the poisons

06.21.21 Linda Modaro: Resistance to the inner life

06.20.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Precepts in the daily online sangha

06.17.21 Linda Modaro: Self purification and self enlargement

06.14.21 Linda Modaro: Heidegger

06.13.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Narratives

06.12.21 Nelly Kaufer: Transcendence

06.11.21 Janet Keyes: Ethical foundations of meditation

06.10.21 Linda Modaro: Buddhist modernism

06.09.21 Nelly Kaufer: Care

06.07.21 Linda Modaro: Secularity and culture

06.06.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Winton Higgins

June: Teacher’s Choice

06.29.21 Erin Harrop: Tracking resistance

06.25.21 Janet Keyes: Improvisation

06.19.21 Nelly Kaufer: Juneteenth

06.18.21 Janet Keyes: Mind and body are interdependent

06.16.21 Nelly Kaufer: Pride Month

06.08.21 Bill Wellhouse: The aggregates comprise a whole

May/June: Three Poisons

06.5.21 Nelly Kaufer: Reflecting on the poisons

06.4.21 Janet Keyes: Poisons as predispositions

06.3.21 Linda Modaro: Living with the poisons

06.2.21 Nelly Kaufer: The poisons are inseparable

06.1.21 Bill Wellhouse: Moha / Delusion

05.31.21 Linda Modaro: Hatred

05.30.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: What are the poisons?

 

May: Teacher’s Choice

05.29.21 Nelly Kaufer: Individuality and selfishness

05.28.21 Janet Keyes: Awareness in context

05.27.21 Linda Modaro: Awareness

05.26.21 Nelly Kaufer: Freedom

05.25.21 Erin Harrop: Letting go of grief

05.24.21 Moline Whitson: Janet Keyes: Blending the known and unknown

05.23.2 Nelly Kaufer: Practice sustains/restores us

05.11.21 Bill Wellhouse: Third ennobling truth

05.09.21 Linda Modaro: Mothers Day 2021

05.07.21 Janet Keyes: Kindness to self

05.06.21 Janet Keyes: Resistance

05.05.21 Moline Whitson: Dharma in daily life

May: Sustainability

05.21.21 Janet Keyes: What is sustainability?

05.20.21 Linda Modaro: Sustaining life

05.19.21 Nelly Kaufer: Taking refuge

05.18.21 Bill Wellhouse: What sustains us?

05.17.21 Linda Modaro: Listening to the Dharma

05.16.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Resources and abilities

 

May: Intention

05.15.21 Nelly Kaufer: Soft, curious, caring

05.14.21 Janet Keyes: Intention for kindness

05.13.21 Linda Modaro: Intention to meditate

05.12.21 Nelly Kaufer: Karma is intention

05.10.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Permission and restraint

May: Dialetics in Meditative Experience

05.04.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Experimenting and staying with the known

05.03.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Receiving/accepting and resisting

05.02.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Idealizing and demonizing

05.01.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Holding and letting go

April: Aggregates

04.29.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Sankharas

04.28.21 Linda Modaro: Perceptions

04.27.21 Janet Keyes: Yosemite experience

04.26.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Who/what is born into the world?

 

April : Ideals

04.22.21 Linda Modaro: Body as vehicle, body as temple

04.21.21 Linda Modaro and Nelly Kaufer: Using extremes to find the middle way

04.20.21 Erin Harrop: Disillusionment arises from unrealistic ideals

04.18.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Not seeking perfection

April: Three Marks of Existence​

04.15.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Unbearable experiences happen

04.14.21 Linda Modaro: A person without a self

04.13.21 Bill Wellhouse: Dukkha

04.12.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Anatta

04.12.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Anatta

April : Teacher’s Choice

04.30.21 Janet Keyes: Intention

04.23.21 Bill Wellhouse: Vulnerabilities are dependently arisen

04.16.21 Janet Keyes: The second arrow

04.11.21 Linda Modaro: Self care and ethics

04.09.21 Janet Keyes: Doing the best that you can

04.07.21 Linda Modaro: 4th ennobling truth/task

04.06.21 Erin Harrop: Grief

04.02.21 Janet Keyes: No part left out II

04.01.21 Linda Modaro: Unremembered

March : Teacher’s Choice

03.31.21 Janet Keyes: No part left out

03.30.21 Bill Wellhouse: Climate Change

03.29.21 Moline Whitson: Journey of a Dharma Talk

03.28.21 Linda Modaro: Reviewing previous reflections

03.27.21 Wendy Liepman: Habit patterns

03.26.21 Janet Keyes: Receptivity

03.25.21 Linda Modaro: Self care

03.24.21 Brad Parks: Metaphor

03.23.21 Erin Harrop: Compassionate witnessing

03.22.21 Bill Wellhouse: History of Buddhism

03.21.21 Linda Modaro: Need for being understood

03.20.21 Penny Ruff: Spring equinox

03.19.21 Janet Keyes: I see you, Mara

03.18.21 Linda Modaro: Dharma study

03.17.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Online sangha anniversary

March : Support

03.14.21 Linda Modaro: Return of dukkha

03.13.21 Nelly Kaufer: Interdependence

03.12.21 Janet Keyes: Trees fall in the forest

03.11.21 Nelly Kaufer: Affinity groups

03.10.21 Nelly Kaufer: Spiritual friendships

03.09.21 Erin Harrop: On support—a poem

03.08.21 Linda Modaro: Mothering

03.07.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: How is Reflective Meditation supportive?

March : Receptive Listening

03.06.21 Nelly Kaufer: Restraining your certainty

03.05.21 Janet Keyes: Inner & outer awareness

03.04.21 Linda Modaro: Accepting & anchoring

03.03.21 Nelly Kaufer: Flexibility

03.02.2 Bill Wellhouse: Sustained & restrained

03.01.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: What is receptive listening?

February/March : Student Questions

03.16.21 Bill Wellhouse: Another way to remember the sitting

03.15.21 Linda Modaro: How to remember the sitting

02.28.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Self-love, self-regard, self-esteem

02.24.21 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Skillful speech

02.17.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Practicing alone, but together

February : Teacher’s Choice

02.27.21 Nelly Kaufer: Vulnerabilities and supports

02.26.21 Janet Keyes: Sleeping meditation

02.25.21 Linda Modaro: Intention

02.23.21 Erin Harrop: Refuge

02.22.21 Linda Modaro: Reflective writing

02.21.21 Linda Modaro: Contemplative practice

02.20.21 Nelly Kaufer: Language of experience

02.19.21 Janet Keyes: Practicing alone and with others

02.18.21 Linda Modaro: Importance of sharing

02.16.21 Erin Harrop: Trauma informed

02.15.21 Nelly Kaufer: Improvising

02.14.21 Nelly Kaufer: Experimentation

February : Speech

02.13.21 Brad Parks: Finding your own voice

02.12.21 Janet Keyes: Kinds of speech

02.11.21 Linda Modaro: Listen before speaking

02.10.21 Nelly Kaufer: Abstaining from lying

02.09.21 Bill Wellhouse: Do not speak ill of others

02.08.21 Linda Modaro: Learning from our own words

02.07.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Skillful speaking and listening

 

February : Differentiality

02.06.21 Nelly Kaufer: Follow the path that resonates

02.05.21 Janet Keyes: Finding our own way, together

02.04.21 Linda Modaro: Trust your own knowing

02.03.21 Nelly Kaufer: Balancing autonomy and connection

02.02.21 Bill Wellhouse: Bring curiosity to your reflection

 

 

January : Conditionality

01.30.21 Nelly Kaufer: Metabolizing experience

01.29.21 Janet Keyes: Reflection supports ethical living

01.28.21 Linda Modaro: How does reflection influence life?

01.27.21 Nelly Kaufer: What is the same throughout life?

01.26.21 Bill Wellhouse: Ignorance and becoming

01.25.21 Linda Modaro: Who/what walks the path?

01.24.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: The Buddha’s last words

01.23.21 Nelly Kaufer: The impact of changing conditions

01.22.21 Janet Keyes: Personal agency

01.21.21 LInda Modaro: Unity

01.19.21 Erin Harrop: Dependent arising of ideas

01.18.21 Linda Modaro: Shifting gears in meditation

01.17.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: The what and how of meditation

01.16.21 Nelly Kaufer: What is conditionality?

01.15.21 Janet Keyes: Meditations habits and expectations

01.14.21 Linda Modaro: Persistent dominant conditions

01.13.21 Nelly Kaufer: Exploring self in dependent arising

01.11.21 Linda Modaro: What fuels our experience?

01.10.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Conditions affect learning

01.09.21 Nelly Kaufer: Making sense of dependent arising

01.08.21 Janet Keyes: This being, that becomes

01.07.21 Linda Modaro: Words matter

01.06.21 Nelly Kaufer: Things condition one another

01.05.21 Bill Wellhouse: Evolving views on dependent arising

01.04.21 LInda Modaro: Cause and effect co-arise

01.03.21 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Chain of Fools

 

December/January: Teacher’s Choice

01.02.21 Nelly Kaufer: Experimenting with permission

01.01.21 Janet Keyes: Bereavement

12.31.20 Linda Modaro: Ceasing

12.30.20 Nelly Kaufer: We don’t know the ending

12.29.20 Erin Harrop: Characteristics of reflection

12.28.20 Linda Modaro: Awakening curiosity before sitting

12.27.20 Linda Modaro: Who was the Buddha, really?

12.26.20 Nelly Kaufer: Glossary

12.25.20 Janet Keyes: Christmas story

12.24.20 Linda Modaro: Santa/strong>

12.23.20 Nelly Kaufer: Darkness

12.22.20 Bill Wellhouse: Self

12.21.20 Linda Modaro: What is meditation?

12.20.20 Nelly Kaufer: Fatigue and Monsters

12.19.20 Nelly Kaufer: Creating pods of sanity

12.18.20 Janet Keyes: Ways of knowing

12.17.20 Linda Modaro: Four foundations and sankhara

12.16.20 Nelly Kaufer: Restraint

12.15.20 Erin Harrop: Impermanence

12.14.20 Linda Modaro: Sankhara

12.13.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Dissatisfaction

 

December: Generosity

2020.12.12 Generosity 7

2020.12.11 Generosity 6

2020.12.10 Generosity 5

2020.12.09 Generosity 4

2020.12.08 Generosity 3

2020.12.07 Generosity 2

2020.12.06 Generosity 1

November/December: Development in Practice

2020 Development in Practice 7

2020 Development in Practice 6

2020 Development in Practice 5

2020 Development in Practice 4

2020 Development in Practice 3

2020 Development in Practice 2

2020 Development in Practice 1

 

November: Exploring Your Meditation

11.28.20 Nelly Kaufer: Describing the Body Experience

11.27.20 Janet Keyes: Learning from the Reflection

11.26.20 Nelly Kaufer: Transitions

11.25.20 Linda Modaro: Finding Ease

11.24.20 Erin Harrop: Recurring Experiences

11.23.20 Nelly Kaufer: Unexpected Experiences

11.22.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Describing Your Experience

 

November: Self

11.21.20 Nelly Kaufer: Shame & Blame

11.20.20 Janet Keyes: A Changing Sense of Self

11.19.20 Nelly Kaufer: Which Self Is the Real One?

11.18.20 Linda Modaro: Being Human

11.17.20 Erin Harrop: No True Self

11.16.20 Linda Modaro: Creating a Self

11.15.20 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: The Self Is Confusing

November: The Week After

11.14.20 Linda Modaro: Freedom from Needs?!

11.13.20 Janet Keyes: Hope

11.12.20 Nelly Kaufer: Conditions Impact Experience

11.11.20 Linda Modaro: Sheltering with Sukha & Dukkha

11.9.20 Nelly Kaufer: Shattered Fantasies

11.8.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Finding Your Own Experience

 

November: Present Moment

11.7.20 Linda Modaro: Making Friends with the Observer

11.6.20 Janet Keyes: Eye of the Storm

11.5.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Holding the Whole Experience

11.4.20 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Uncertainty

11.3.20 Bill Wellhouse: Multiple Tracks of Awareness

11.2.20 Linda Modaro: Finding Your Own Understanding

11.1.20 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Fullness of Experience

October: Four Cornered Argument

Four Cornered Argument 5

Four Cornered Argument 4

Four Cornered Argument 3

Four Cornered Argument 3

Four Cornered Argument 1

 

October: Brahmaviharas

Brahmaviharas 6

Brahmaviharas 5

Brahmaviharas 4

Brahmaviharas 3

Brahmaviharas 2

Brahmaviharas 1

October: Shifts in Perspective

Shifts in Perspective 6

Shifts in Perspective 5

Shifts in Perspective 4

Shifts in Perspective 3

Shifts in Perspective 2

Shifts in Perspective 1

October: Honesty and Truthfulness

Honesty and Truthfulness 8

Honesty and Truthfulness 6

Honesty and Truthfulness 5

Honesty and Truthfulness 4

Honesty and Truthfulness 3

Honesty and Truthfulness 2

Honesty and Truthfulness 1

October: Word of the Day

Restraint

Circling

Antidote

Steady

September Retreat: Intentional Stillness & Activity

9.28.2020 – Flourish Together: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.28.2020 – Subjectively Experiencing Beings: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.27.2020 – Karma 2: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.27.2020 – Karma: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.26.2020 – Differentiation: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.26.2020 – Stillness: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.25.2020 – Experience: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.25.2020 – Intention: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

9.24.2020 – Intro: Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro

September: Conceits

Conceits 4

Conceits 3

Conceits 2

Conceits 1

September: Transitions

Transitions 7

Transitions–Bill

Transitions 6

Transitions 5

Transitions 4

Transitions 3

Transitions 2

Transitions 1

 

August/September: Fundamentals of Reflective Meditation

Views 3

Fundamental Daily Practice

Views 2

Views 1

Learning Dharma thru Experience 4

Learning Dharma thru Experience 3

Learning Dharma thru Experience 2

Learning Dharma thru Experience 1

Experimentation and Choice 3

Experimentation and Choice 2

Experimentation and Choice 1

Learning to Meditate 2

Learning to Meditate 1

History

Distinguishing Features

Fundamentals of Reflective Meditation

 

August: Refuge

Ending Fundamentals

Support and Accountability 2

Support and Accountability

Refuge in the Sangha–Linda

Refuge in the Sangha–Nelly

Refuge of Dharma–Linda

Refuge of Dharma–Nelly

Refuge of the Buddha–Linda

Refuge of the Buddha–Nelly

Refuge

August: Ethics

Against the Stream–Linda

Ethics with Care–Bill

Surprising–Linda

Remorse–Nelly

Reflection and Ethics–Linda

Ignorance–Nelly

Ethics and Reflection

 

July: Factors of Awakening

Equanimity / Equipoise–Nelly

Equanimity–Linda

Samadhi–Nelly

Samadhi Integration–Linda

Virya Non-Collapse

Virya Energy–Linda

Friendly Standing Near–Nelly

Sati–Linda & Nelly

Calm–Nelly

Piti Uplifting–Nelly

Exploration–Linda

Investigation of Dharma–Nelly

Factors of Awakening

July: Factors of Awakening and Easygoing

Space Between–Anna and Jenny

The Middle Way–Anna

The Senses–Linda

Experience–Linda and Nelly

Living with Questions–Jenny

Language of Experience–Nelly

 

Transitions–Anna

Dharma from the Inside Out

 

June: Ethics

Ethics Caring–Linda

Ethics Not Killing–Nelly

Ethics Values Needs–Linda

Ethics Restorative–Nelly

Ethics–Nelly and Linda

 

June: Boundaries

6.20.20 Nelly Kaufer: Boundaries with stillness

06.19.20 Linda Modaro: Boundaries in teaching Reflective Meditation

06.18.20 Nelly Kaufer: Boundaries in sitting

06.17.20 Linda Modaro: Saying no

06.16.20 Nelly Kaufer: Compassion

06.15.20 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Boundaries

June: Creativity

Creativity Unique Twist–Linda

Creativity Mourning–Nelly

Creativity Curiosity–Linda

Creativity–Nelly

Creativity Metaphor–Linda

Creativity–Linda & Nelly

May: Eightfold Path

Eightfold Path–Guest Janet K

Eightfold Path Speech–Nelly 2

Eightfold Path Speech–Linda

Eightfold Path Speech–Nelly

Eightfold Path Livelihood–Nelly

Eightfold Path Action–Nelly and Linda

Eightfold Path Action–Linda

Eightfold Path–Guest Bill W

Eightfold Path Intention–Linda

Eightfold Path Intention–Nelly

Eightfold Path Views–Linda

Eightfold Path Views–Linda

Eightfold Path Order

Eightfold Path Effort–Linda

Eightfold Path Effort–Nelly

Eightfold Path Samadhi–Linda

Eightfold Path Samadhi–Nelly

Eightfold Path Sati–Linda

Eightfold Path Sati–Nelly

Eightfold Path Intro

 

May Online Retreat: Four Ennobling Truths / Tasks

05.18.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Harm reduction

05.17.20 Linda Modaro & Nelly Kaufer: Causes and conditions of vulnerability

05.16.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: We are vulnerable

 

April Online Retreat: International Retreat in Your Own Home​

04.26.20 Nelly Kaufer & LInda Modaro: Sankharas

04.25.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: The Pause

04.25.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Marks of existence

04.24.20 Nelly Kaufer & Linda Modaro: Doing a self retreat

 

March Online Retreat: The Imagination of the Unreal

Monday, March 30, 2020

Sunday, March 29, 2020

Saturday, March 28, 2020

 

Miscellaneous

01.31.21 Linda Modaro: Sati Sangha ethics and values

Stream of Consciousness

Broaden Views

No place like home–Linda

Prison of Inadequacy–Nelly

Kindness and Compassion for Fears–Linda

Sukha Dukkha–Nelly

Shelter–Linda

Marathon / Sprint–Nelly

Friends w/ different views–Linda

Ways of Knowing–Nelly

Receptive–Linda

Reflexivity–Erin

Freedom from–Linda

Flexibility–Nelly

Intuition–Linda

Ritual–Nelly

Dana–Carola and Susan

Honesty–Linda

Visuals–Nelly

Sangha–Janet

Vulnerability–Nelly

Limbo–Linda

Reflective Meditation Practice

Power Dynamics–Linda

Independence–Nelly

Pleasure–Nelly

Equanimity–Linda

Loving Kindness–Linda

Guest Teach Erin Harrop

Recalibration–Linda and Nelly

Reflective Meditation Basics–Nelly

April 13, 2020: Captivity & Conditionality